Siberian Husky Dog Breed Description and History

by Sleddoggin Staff on April 1, 2012

Description: The Siberian Husky is a medium sized dog, with the male dog measuring 21-23½ inches in height and the female bitch being 20-22 inches, with a weight for the dog of 45-60 pounds and the bitch being between 35-50 pounds. They were originally bred as sled dogs. They are compact and strong, almost low-slung, which makes them ideal for the work they were bred to do. They have a proportionately sized head, which is approximately half skull and half muzzle, with an oval shape to the eyes of medium size being moderately spaced. They have a double coat of medium length, which is thick, and holds in the body temperature. These dogs can tolerate temperatures as low as -50 to -60° centigrade (but we probably won’t want to be the person with them at these temperatures). Their triangular shaped ears stand erect, and are set high.

History: The Siberian Husky breed were used as guard dogs and to herd reindeer, although probably being best known for pulling sleds. They were used by the Chukchi tribe off the eastern side of the peninsula in Siberia. It was traders who originally took these dogs to Alaska, where they used to race them. Sleds used to be raced at great speed, as the dogs are so strong with an exceptional amount of stamina. The event was very popular and became official when, in 1908; the all Alaskan sweepstakes came about, which is a 408 mile race. These dogs also have a more significant history. In 1925 Alaska suffered an epidemic of diphtheria in the town of Nome. As most of Alaska is fairly isolated, with Nome being no different, the dogs were used to bring in much-needed medicines for the residents. In World War II, due to their great endurance of weather, they were used by the military in search and rescue efforts in the Arctic. In 1930 the breed were first recognized by the AKC.

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